The Zapatista uprising began in 1994, Chiapas México. The Zapatistas derived their name from Emiliano Zapata, a Mexican revolutionary who became renowned for his prominent role in the Mexican Revolution. Zapata, alongside libertarian socialist ideology drawn from Marxismand anarchism,informs the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN’s) political philosophy of neozapatismo. The Zapatista movement was largely made up Indigenous activists from the Tzotzil, Tzeltal, Tojolab’al, and Ch’ol tribes. What began as a 12 day uprising in protest of the enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (representing the recolonization of their country), culminated in the International solidarity Zapatista movement. The Zapatista uprising is credited to a number of systemic modifications in Mexico, such as the state’s democratization. Following the uprising, the citizens continued to advocate for human rights, democracy, healthcare and education. The militarisation of Chiapas increased to 200% in an effort to suppress Indigenous resistance such as the Zapatista uprising. The EZLN set up Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities in Chiapas, which continue to grow today. In 2003, they introduced five “caracoles,” or organizational regions, and added seven more in 2019. These areas emphasize the establishment of grassroots democratic structures, communal land management, health services, education, and the advancement of women’s rights.